QP In Bond (CBP Shipment Type)
An In Bond Shipment is required for cargo to move to an inland port to be Customs released, or to transit (pass through) the U.S. destined to another country, or to be immediately exported.
New CBP In-Bond Requirements
- Notable Changes To The In-Bond Process
- 1. Electronic reporting of in-bond arrival and export is mandatory. CBP will no longer accept a paper 7512 copy of the in-bond to perform arrival and export functionality. Electronic reporting must be conducted through a CBP approved EDI system.
- 2. In-bond arrival or export must be reported within 2 business days of the event.
- 3. In-bond diversions must also be requested electronically rather than making the request to the CBP port.
- 4. A FIRMS code is now required in order to report the arrival of the in-bond.
- 5. Carriers have a standard 30 day maximum transit time for all modes of transport except pipeline and barge traffic.
- 6. Elimination of the paper 7512 document. (But as there are numerous exceptions to this rule, it is recommended that a paper 7512 still be produced and used as in the past in case it is required.)
Declaring In Bond Shipments in ACE Manifest
In Bond shipments are required to be reported on an ACE Manifest. The method of reporting will depend on the way the bond is being filed.
By far the most common type of bond filing is the QP In Bond, in which a Customs Broker or other approved ABI filer submits the bond on behalf of the carrier. In this case the bond can be reported on the ACE eManifest simply by creating a PAPS shipment (or "QP In-Bond" in BorderConnect's ACE Manifest software) with the same Shipment Control Number the broker is using for the bond. Please note the broker's shipment control number can be found on the paper copy of the bond, under the "B/L No." field. The example below shows how to report QP In Bond shipments using BorderConnect's ACE Manifest software.
The other bond filing method is ACE In Bond, in which the carrier requests the in bond move using their ACE eManifest. For this type of bond no Customs Broker or other 3rd party is involved, the bond is created when the carrier reports the shipment in ACE. For more information on the process of filing ACE In Bonds, please see the guide here.
In the case of a QP In Bond, the carrier will receive a "QP Entry on file" message through ACE once both the manifest and the broker's bond have been filed. In the case of an ACE In Bond, the bond is on file as soon as the ACE eManifest is accepted.
Drivers arriving at the border with an In Bond Shipment will not typically be required to present a paper copy of the bond (i.e. Customs Form 7512) The in-bond movement will be authorized automatically when Customs releases the ACE eManifest.
Once the shipment is authorized to move in-bond, the goods must be reported to CBP as arrived at the destination port within 30 days. Bonds of the type Transportation and Exportation (T & E) must also be reported to CBP as exported within 20 days of arrival at the destination port. In Bond Shipments are considered open from the time that they enter to U.S. until the time that they are reported as arrived and exported. If a bond remains open past these time frames, the carrier can be penalized for an overdue bond. The following messages will be sent to the carrier through ACE regarding overdue bonds and should be addressed immediately if received:
Messages Pertaining to Failure to Arrive Bonds
- Bill of Lading Late in 5 Days
- Sent to carrier 25 days after the In Bond Shipment enters the United States if the bond has not been reported to CBP as arrived. Carrier must report the bond as arrived within the next 5 days.
- Bill of Lading Late
- Sent to carrier 30 days after the In Bond Shipment enters the United States if the bond has not been reported to CBP as arrived. Bond is now overdue and carrier may be subject to penalties.
Messages Pertaining to Failure to Export Bonds
- Pending Eligible General Order
- For Transportation and Exportation type bonds only. Sent to carrier 15 days after the bond has been arrived if an entry or exportation has not been filed. Carrier must ensure that the shipment is or has been exported and relay the information to CBP within the next 5 days.
- Ordered to General Order
- For Transportation and Exportation type bonds only. Sent to carrier 20 days after the bond has been arrived if an entry or exportation has not been filed. Bond is now overdue and carrier may be subject to penalties.
- ACE Frequently Asked Questions https://help.cbp.gov/app/answers/detail/a_id/453/~/bonds---how-to-obtain-an-international-carrier-bond